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Evidence for three tumor suppressor loci on chromosome 9p involved in melanoma development

Pollock, Pamela M., Welch, John, & Hayward, Nicholas K. (2001) Evidence for three tumor suppressor loci on chromosome 9p involved in melanoma development. Cancer Research, 61, pp. 1154-1161.

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Abstract

Cytogenetic and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) studies have long indicated the presence of a tumor suppressor gene (TSG) on 9p involved in the development of melanoma. Although LOH at 9p has been reported in approximately 60% of melanoma tumors, only 5-10% of these tumors have been shown to carry CDKN2A mutations, raising the possibility that another TSG involved in melanoma maps to chromosome 9p. To investigate this possibility, a panel of 37 melanomas derived from 35 individuals was analyzed for CDKN2A mutations by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and sequencing. The melanoma samples were then typed for 15 markers that map to 9p13-24 to investigate LOH trends in this region. In those tumors demonstrating retention of heterozygosity at markers flanking CDKN2A and LOH on one or both sides of the gene, multiplex microsatellite PCR was performed to rule out homozygous deletion of the region encompassing CDKN2A. CDKN2A mutations were found in tumors from 5 patients [5 (14%) of 35], 4 of which demonstrated LOH across the entire region examined. The remaining tumor with no observed LOH carried two point mutations, one on each allele. Although LOH was identified at one or more markers in 22 (59%) of 37 melanoma tumors corresponding to 20 (57%) of 35 individuals, only 11 tumors from 9 individuals [9 (26%) of 35] demonstrated LOH at D9S942 and D9S1748 the markers closest to CDKN2A. Of the remaining 11 tumors with LOH 9 demonstrated LOH at two or more contiguous markers either centromeric and/or telomeric to CDKN2A while retaining heterozygosity at several markers adjacent to CDKN2A. Multiplex PCR revealed one tumor carried a homozygous deletion extending from D9S1748 to the IFN-alpha locus. In the remaining eight tumors, multiplex PCR demonstrated that the observed heterozygosity was not attributable to homozygous deletion and stromal contamination at D9S1748, D9S942, or D9S974, as measured by comparative amplification strengths, which indicates that retention of heterozygosity with flanking LOH does not always indicate a homozygous deletion. This report supports the conclusions of previous studies that a least two TSGs involved in melanoma development in addition to CDKN2A may reside on chromosome 9p.

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ID Code: 45818
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Chromosome Mapping, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9, Genes, Tumor Suppressor, Genes, p16, Homozygote, Humans, Loss of Heterozygosity, Melanoma/ genetics, Microsatellite Repeats, Mutation, Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods, Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational, Skin Neoplasms/ genetics
ISSN: 0008-5472
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > ONCOLOGY AND CARCINOGENESIS (111200) > Cancer Cell Biology (111201)
Divisions: Past > Schools > Cell & Molecular Biosciences
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2001 American Association for Cancer Research
Deposited On: 15 Sep 2011 15:34
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2011 15:34

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