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Hypothetical model of hydrophilic lubrication in synovial joints

Pawlak, Zenon, Crawford, Ross, & Oloyede, A. (2008) Hypothetical model of hydrophilic lubrication in synovial joints. Australian Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 6(1), pp. 21-26.

Abstract

This paper presents a new insight into the mechanism of biolubrication of articulating mammalian joints that includes the function of surface-active phospholipids (SAPLs). SAPLs can be adsorbed on surface of cartilage membranes as a hydrophobic monolayer (H-phobic-M Madel or Hills' Model) or as a newly proposed hydrophilic bilayer (H-philic-B Model). With respect to the synovial joint's frictionless work, three processes are identified namely: monolayer/bilayer phospholipids binding to cartilage with lubricin interaction; influence of induced-pressure on interaction of hyaluronan with phospholipids; and biolubrication arising from two gliding articular hydrophilic surfaces acting as reverse micelle. Lubricin is considered to play critical role as a supplier of phospholipids, which overlay the articular surface of articular cartilage. Hyaluronic acid is considered to play a critical mediating role in the interaction between the hydrophilic part of phospholipids, the articular surface and water (hydration) in facilitating the lubrication process. Tivo models of frictionless lubrication processes, namely hydrophobic (H-phobic-M Model) and our conceptual hydrophilic (H-philic-B Model), are compared. © Institution of Engineers Australia, 2008.

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ID Code: 45949
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Articular Cartilage, Lubrication, Phospholipids, Synovial Joints, Osteoarthritis
ISSN: 1448-4846
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomechanical Engineering (090302)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 13 Sep 2011 11:14
Last Modified: 17 May 2012 09:59

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