Exploring the process of implementing a smoking cessation intervention in pregnancy training program for midwives

Cameron, Dawn M. (2011) Exploring the process of implementing a smoking cessation intervention in pregnancy training program for midwives. Masters by Research thesis, Queensland University of Technology.


The question of how to implement evidence effectively reveals a deficiency in our knowledge and understanding of the compound factors involved in such a process (Kitson, Rycroft-Malone et al. 2008). Although there is some awareness of the complexities of the process, there has been little exploration of the effectiveness of implementing evidence-based programs in health care. Despite public awareness of the dangers of smoking in pregnancy, and widespread public health measures to prevent smoking-related disease, women still continue to smoke in pregnancy (Ananth, Savitz et al. 1997; Laws and Hilder 2008). Evaluation of public health measures concludes that smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy increase quit rates among pregnant women (Melvin, Dolan-Mullen et al. 2000; Albrecht, Maloni et al. 2004; Lumley, Oliver et al. 2007). Notwithstanding the potential for improvement in health outcomes for pregnant women and their unborn babies, smoking interventions are often conducted poorly or not at all. Although midwives understand why women smoke in pregnancy and parenthood and are aware of the risks of smoking to both the pregnancy and the unborn child, they require specific knowledge and skills in the provision of support and advice on smoking for pregnant women (Bull and Whitehead 2006) . Organisational-change research demonstrates the complexity of the process of planned change in professionalised institutions such as health care (Greenhalgh, Robert et al. 2005). Some innovations and interventions are never accepted, and others are poorly supported (Greenhalgh, Robert et al. 2004). Comprehension of the change process around health promotion is crucial to the implementation of new health promotion interventions within health care (Riley, Taylor et al. 2003). This study utilised a case study approach to explore the process of implementing a smoking cessation training program for midwives in Queensland metropolitan and regional clinical areas, who attended a ‘Train-the-Trainer program’. The study draws on the organisational change work of Greenhalgh et al (2004) as the theoretical framework through which situational and structural factors are explored and examined as they inform the implementation of smoking cessation programs. The research data constituted staged interviews with midwives who instituted training programs for midwives, as well as organisational and policy documentation. Analysis of the data identified some areas that were not fully addressed in the theoretical model; these formed the basis of the Discussion and Implications for Future Research.

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ID Code: 46259
Item Type: QUT Thesis (Masters by Research)
Supervisor: Windsor, Carol & Seib, Charrlotte
Keywords: smoking cessation intervention, maternity care, innovation, implementation
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Deposited On: 29 Sep 2011 05:24
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2011 05:24

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