The relationship of meta-worry and intolerance of uncertainty with pathological worry, anxiety, and depression

Khawaja, Nigar G. & McMahon, Janette (2011) The relationship of meta-worry and intolerance of uncertainty with pathological worry, anxiety, and depression. Behaviour Change, 28(4), pp. 165-180.

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This study explored how meta-worry and intolerance of uncertainty relate to pathological worry, generalised anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, social phobia, and depression. University students (n = 253) completed a questionnaire battery. A series of regression analyses were conducted. The results indicated that meta-worry was associated with GAD, social phobia, obsessive compulsive, and depressive symptoms. Intolerance of uncertainty was related to GAD, social phobia, and obsessive compulsive symptoms, but not depressive symptoms. The importance of meta-worry and intolerance of uncertainty as predictors of pathological worry, GAD, social phobia, obsessive compulsive and depressive symptoms was also examined. Even though both factors significantly predicted the aforementioned symptoms, meta-worry emerged as a stronger predictor of GAD and obsessive compulsive symptoms than did intolerance of uncertainty. Intolerance of uncertainty, compared with meta-worry, appeared as a stronger predictor of social phobia symptoms. Findings emphasise the importance of addressing meta-worry and/or intolerance of uncertainty not only for the assessment and treatment of generalised anxiety disorder (GAD), but also obsessive compulsive disorder, social phobia, and depression.

Impact and interest:

13 citations in Scopus
10 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 46271
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Meta-worry, Intolerance of Uncertainty, Generalised Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Social Anxiety and Depression.
DOI: 10.1375/bech.28.4.165
ISSN: 0813-4839
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Cambridge University Press
Deposited On: 03 Oct 2011 01:15
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2017 11:29

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