Valuing Air Quality Impacts of Transportation: A Review of Literature
The monetary valuation of air quality impacts of transportation is increasingly being adopted when undertaking cost-benefit analysis of projects or strategies aimed at reducing the negative effects of transport on the environment.
This paper provides a review of the evidence available on the most appropriate methodologies to be used for such air quality impact valuations. The paper deals with the main issues in identifying and categorising air quality impacts; the methodologies adopted to quantify mortality and morbidity effects of air pollution on health; and the valuations put forward by studies in Europe, the US and in Australia. Unit monetised values by pollutant are summarised in the paper.
The valuations for each pollutant currently being proposed for Australian conditions have been derived using in some cases European values corrected for local conditions. There is considerable uncertainty in some of the estimates to warrant further research.
There is little research or evidence available on non-health impacts of air quality deterioration, such as local and regional economic activity and employment effects due to loss of tourism revenues.
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|Additional Information:||The authors would like to acknowledge the suggestions/comments provided on this work by their colleagues at QUT. The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors, and do not necessarily represent those of the School of Urban Development, QUT. The usual caveats apply.|
|Keywords:||air pollution, health effects, transport emissions, epidemiology, exposure, environment, health risks, premature mortality, morbidity, valuation, health costs, policy|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (090700)|
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Transport Engineering (090507)
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2006 (please consult author)|
|Deposited On:||03 Jul 2006|
|Last Modified:||09 Jun 2010 22:33|
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