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The Role of Self-Efficacy in Predicting Rule-Following Behaviors in Shelters for Homeless Youth: A Test of the Theory of Planned Behavior

Broadhead-Fearn, Danielle & White, Katherine M. (2006) The Role of Self-Efficacy in Predicting Rule-Following Behaviors in Shelters for Homeless Youth: A Test of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Social Psychology, 146(3), pp. 307-325.

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Abstract

Through a prospective study of 70 youths staying at homeless-youth shelters, the authors tested the utility of I. Ajzen’s (1991) theory of planned behavior (TPB), by comparing the constructs of self-efficacy with perceived behavioral control (PBC), in predicting people’s rule-following behavior during shelter stays. We performed the first wave of data collection through a questionnaire assessing the standard TPB components of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intentions in relation to following the set rules at youth shelters. Further, we distinguished between items assessing perceived behavioral control (or perceived control) and those reflecting self-efficacy (or perceived difficulty). At the completion of each youth’s stay at the shelter, shelter staff rated the rule adherence for that participant. Regression analyses revealed some support for the theory of planned behavior in that subjective norm was a significant predictor of intentions. However, self-efficacy emerged as the strongest predictor of intentions and was the only significant predictor of rule-following behavior. Thus, the results of the present study indicate the possibility that self-efficacy is integral to predicting rule adherence within this context and reaffirm the importance of incorporating notions of people’s perceived ease or difficulty in performing actions in models of attitude–behavior prediction.

Impact and interest:

17 citations in Scopus
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13 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 4645
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: attitude, behavior relations, homeless youth, rule adherence, self, efficacy, theory of planned behavior
DOI: 10.3200/SOCP.146.3.307-325
ISSN: 0022-4545
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > COGNITIVE SCIENCE (170200) > Cognitive Science not elsewhere classified (170299)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 Heldref Publications
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 05 Jul 2006
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:23

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