‘Expected satiety’ changes hunger and fullness in the inter-meal interval
Brunstrom, Jeffrey M., Brown, Steven, Hinton, Elanor C., Rogers, Peter J., & Fay, Stephanie H. (2011) ‘Expected satiety’ changes hunger and fullness in the inter-meal interval. Appetite, 56(2), pp. 310-315.
Previously, we have shown that foods differ markedly in the satiety that they are expected to confer (compared calorie-for-calorie). In the present study we tested the hypothesis that ‘expected satiety’ plays a causal role in the satiety that is experienced after a food has been consumed. Before lunch, participants (N = 32) were shown the ingredients of a fruit smoothie. Half were shown a small portion of fruit and half were shown a large portion. Participants then assessed the expected satiety of the smoothie and provided appetite ratings, before, and for three hours after its consumption. As anticipated, expected satiety was significantly higher in the ‘large portion’ condition. Moreover, and consistent with our hypothesis, participants reported significantly less hunger and significantly greater fullness in the large portion condition. Importantly, this effect endured throughout the test period (for three hours).
Together, these findings confirm previous reports indicating that beliefs and expectations can have marked effects on satiety and they show that this effect can persist well into the inter-meal interval. Potential explanations are discussed, including the prospect that satiety is moderated by memories of expected satiety that are encoded around the time that a meal is consumed.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||expected satiety, meal size, memory, energy intake, human, food, cognition|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100)|
|Divisions:||Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2011 Elsevier Ltd.|
|Copyright Statement:||NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Appetite. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Appetite, 56, 2, 2011, DOI 10.1016/j.appet.2011.01.002|
|Deposited On:||04 Nov 2011 08:41|
|Last Modified:||07 Nov 2011 10:08|
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