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Measured and perceived physical fitness, intention, and self-reported physical activity in adolescence

Jaakkola, Timo & Washington, Tracy L. (2011) Measured and perceived physical fitness, intention, and self-reported physical activity in adolescence. Advances in Physical Education, 1(2), pp. 199-204.

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations among measured physical fitness, perceived fitness, intention towards future physical activity and self-reported physical activity through junior high school years.

Methods: Study participants included 122 Finnish students who were 13 years old during Grade 7. The sample was comprised of 80 girls and 42 boys from 3 junior high schools (Grades 7-9). During the autumn semester of Grade 7, students completed fitness tests and a questionnaire analyzing self-perception of their physical fitness. The questionnaire delivered at Grade 8 included intention towards future physical activity. At Grade 9 students’ self-reported physical activity levels.

Results: Structural Equation Modeling revealed an indirect path from physical fitness to self-reported physical activity via perceived physical fitness and intention towards future physical activity. The model also demonstrated a correlation between perceived physical fitness and physical activity. Squared multiple correlations revealed that perceived physical fitness explained 33 % of the actual physical fitness.

Conclusions: The results of this study highlight the role of physical and cognitive variables in the process of adoption of physical activity in adolescence.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 46981
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Physical Activity, Fitness, Self-Perceptions, Adolescents
ISSN: 2164-0408
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > CURRICULUM AND PEDAGOGY (130200)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Deposited On: 15 Nov 2011 09:38
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2011 09:35

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