Older drivers’ insight into their hazard perception ability

Horswill, Mark S., Anstey, Kaarin J., Hatherly, Christopher, Wood, Joanne M., & Pachana, Nancy A. (2011) Older drivers’ insight into their hazard perception ability. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43(6), pp. 2121-2127.

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Even though the driving ability of older adults may decline with age, there is evidence that some individuals attempt to compensate for these declines using strategies such as restricting their driving exposure. Such compensatory mechanisms rely on drivers’ ability to evaluate their own driving performance. This paper focuses on one key aspect of driver ability that is associated with crash risk and has been found to decline with age: hazard perception. Three hundred and seven drivers, aged 65 to 96, completed a validated video-based hazard perception test. There was no significant relationship between hazard perception test response latencies and drivers’ ratings of their hazard perception test performance, suggesting that their ability to assess their own test performance was poor. Also, age related declines in hazard perception latency were not reflected in drivers’ self-ratings. Nonetheless, ratings of test performance were associated with self-reported regulation of driving, as was self-rated driving ability. These findings are consistent with the proposal that, while self-assessments of driving ability may be used by drivers to determine the degree to which they restrict their driving, the problem is that drivers have little insight into their own driving ability. This may impact on the potential road safety benefits of self-restriction of driving because drivers may not have the information needed to optimally self-restrict. Strategies for addressing this problem are discussed.

Impact and interest:

30 citations in Scopus
23 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 47277
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: elderly, traffic accidents, driving performance, self-assessment, anticipation skill, self-efficacy
DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2011.05.035
ISSN: 0001-4575
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in <Accident Analysis and Prevention>. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Accident Analysis and Prevention, [VOL 43, ISSUE 6, (2011)] DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2011.05.035.
Deposited On: 28 Nov 2011 22:26
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2011 16:48

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