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Biomaterials in orthopedic bone plates : a review

Malekani, Javad, Schmutz, Beat, Gu, YuanTong, Schuetz, Michael, & Yarlagadda, Prasad K. (2011) Biomaterials in orthopedic bone plates : a review. In Yarlagadda, Prasad K. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd Annual International Conference on Materials Science, Metal & Manufacturing (M3 2011), Global Science and Technology Forum, Bali, Indonesia, pp. 71-77.

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Abstract

This paper aims to review biomaterials used in manufacturing bone plates including advances in recent years and prospect in the future. It has found among all biomaterials, currently titanium and stainless steel alloys are the most common in production of bone plates. Other biomaterials such as Mg alloys, Ta alloys, SMAs, carbon fiber composites and bioceramics are potentially suitable for bone plates because of their advantages in biocompatibility, bioactivity and biodegradability. However, today either they are not used in bone plates or have limited applications in only some flexible small-size implants. This problem is mainly related to their poor mechanical properties. Additionally, production processes play an effective role. Therefore, in the future, further studies should be conducted to solve these problems and make them feasible for heavy-duty bone plates.

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ID Code: 47910
Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: Biomaterial, Orthopedic bone plate, fracture fixation, Biometals, Biocopmosites, Bioceramics, Inert, Bioactive, Biocompatible, Biodegradable
ISSN: 2251-1857
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MATERIALS ENGINEERING (091200) > Functional Materials (091205)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MATERIALS ENGINEERING (091200) > Metals and Alloy Materials (091207)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300) > Numerical Modelling and Mechanical Characterisation (091307)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Biomechanics (110601)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Global Science and Technology Forum
Copyright Statement: This book, or parts thereof, may not be reproduced in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical including photocopying or any information storage and retrieval system now known or to be invented, without written permission from the publisher.
Deposited On: 03 Jan 2012 09:37
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2013 14:42

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