Sulfated fibrous ZrO2/Al2O3 core and shell nanocomposites : a novel strong acid catalyst with hierarchically macro-mesoporous nanostructure
Frost, Ray L., Liu, Erming, Locke, Ashley J., & Martens, Wayde N. (2012) Sulfated fibrous ZrO2/Al2O3 core and shell nanocomposites : a novel strong acid catalyst with hierarchically macro-mesoporous nanostructure. Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 353-354, pp. 95-105.
A series of solid strong acid catalysts were synthesised from fibrous ZrO2/Al2O3 core and shell nanocomposites. In this series, the zirconium molar percentage was varied from 2 % to 50 %. The ZrO2/Al2O3 nanocomposites and their solid strong acid counterparts were characterised by a variety of techniques including 27Al magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR), scanned electronic microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Nitrogen adsorption and infrared emission spectroscopy (IES). NMR results show that the interaction between zirconia species and alumina strongly correlates with pentacoordinated aluminium sites. This can also be detected by the change in binding energy of the 3d electrons of the zirconium.
The acidity of the obtained solid acids was tested by using them as catalysts for the benzolyation of toluene. It was found that a sample with a 50 % zirconium molar percentage possessed the highest surface acidity equalling that of pristine sulfated zirconia despite the reduced mass of zirconia.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||zirconia nanocomposites, catalysts, benzolyation of toluene|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy (030606)|
|Divisions:||Past > Schools > Chemistry|
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2011 Elsevier B.V.|
|Copyright Statement:||NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, Volumes 353-354, February 2012, Pages 95-105, DOI: 10.1016/j.molcata.2011.11.010|
|Deposited On:||04 Jan 2012 11:01|
|Last Modified:||13 Sep 2013 21:00|
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