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Relevance feature discovery for text analysis

Algarni, Abdulmohsen (2011) Relevance feature discovery for text analysis. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

It is a big challenge to guarantee the quality of discovered relevance features in text documents for describing user preferences because of the large number of terms, patterns, and noise. Most existing popular text mining and classification methods have adopted term-based approaches. However, they have all suffered from the problems of polysemy and synonymy. Over the years, people have often held the hypothesis that pattern-based methods should perform better than term- based ones in describing user preferences, but many experiments do not support this hypothesis. This research presents a promising method, Relevance Feature Discovery (RFD), for solving this challenging issue. It discovers both positive and negative patterns in text documents as high-level features in order to accurately weight low-level features (terms) based on their specificity and their distributions in the high-level features. The thesis also introduces an adaptive model (called ARFD) to enhance the exibility of using RFD in adaptive environment. ARFD automatically updates the system's knowledge based on a sliding window over new incoming feedback documents. It can efficiently decide which incoming documents can bring in new knowledge into the system. Substantial experiments using the proposed models on Reuters Corpus Volume 1 and TREC topics show that the proposed models significantly outperform both the state-of-the-art term-based methods underpinned by Okapi BM25, Rocchio or Support Vector Machine and other pattern-based methods.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 48230
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Supervisor: Li, Yuefeng& Xu, Yue
Keywords: feature selection, pattern taxonomy model, information retrieval, text mining, data mining, association rules, sequential pattern mining, closed sequential patterns, pattern deploying, pattern evolving, offender selection, weight revision
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Deposited On: 24 Jan 2012 12:42
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2012 12:43

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