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Ecological Validity, Representative Design, and Correspondence Between Experimental Task Constraints and Behavioral Setting: Comment on Rogers, Kadar, and Costall (2005)

Araujo, Duarte, Davids, Keith W., & Passos, Pedro (2007) Ecological Validity, Representative Design, and Correspondence Between Experimental Task Constraints and Behavioral Setting: Comment on Rogers, Kadar, and Costall (2005). Ecological Psychology, 19(1), pp. 69-78.

Abstract

Using the term "ecological validity", in a recent issue of Ecological Psychology, Rogers et al. (2005) discussed how the simulator they used could provide data by replicating natural road driving behaviors. However, ecological validity, as Egon Brunswik (1956) conceived it, refers to the validity of a cue (i.e., perceptual variable) in predicting a criterion state of the environment. Like other psychologists in the past, Rogers et al. (2005) confused this term with another of Brunswik’s terms: representative design. In this comment we clarify the distinction between these concepts and also discuss how Gibsonian ideas can strengthen understanding of the correspondence between experimental task constraints and behavioral settings outside the laboratory. The main implication of this theoretical rationalization is for the development of a measurable correspondence between experimental and behavioural contexts, enabling defensible generalization to both organisms and environments beyond the bounds of particular experiments.

Impact and interest:

42 citations in Scopus
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40 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 4837
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
ISSN: 1040-7413
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 Taylor & Francis
Copyright Statement: This is an electronic version of an article published in [Ecological Psychology 19(1):pp. 69-78.]. [Ecological Psychology] is available online at informaworldTM.
Deposited On: 01 Sep 2006
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:37

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