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Malingering on the RAVLT part II: Detection strategies

Sullivan, Karen A., Deffenti, Cassandra, & Keane, Beth F. (2002) Malingering on the RAVLT part II: Detection strategies. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17(3), pp. 223-233.

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Abstract

In this study two potential indices of malingering derived from the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) were evaluated as a means of detecting malingering. These were indices based on: discrepancies between recognition-recall scores, and differences in the serial position effect (SPE). Sixty undergraduate students were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: malingerers, malingerers-with-warnings, warning-only, and control. Incentives were offered to participants in all conditions to encourage faking in a believable manner (malingering conditions), or to encourage optimal performance (non-malingering conditions). Two predictions were made. First, it was predicted that the serial position curve for subjects in malingering conditions would show suppression of primacy effects relative to non-malingerers. Second, it was predicted that recall would be better than recognition for subjects in malingering but not non-malingerers conditions. The utility of these indices was also explored in the context of providing subjects’ with warnings regarding use of methods to detect malingering. Results indicated that both indices failed to reliably differentiate between malingerers and non-malingerers, and warnings failed to modify participants' behaviour

Impact and interest:

8 citations in Scopus
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6 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 484
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: neuropsychology, malingering, RAVLT, serial position effect
DOI: 10.1016/S0887-6177(01)00110-X
ISSN: 0887-6177
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology Psychopharmacology Physiological Psychology) (170101)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 22 Oct 2004
Last Modified: 02 Feb 2012 19:44

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