Infrared and Raman spectroscopic studies of archaeological materials
Goodall, Rosemary A. & Fredericks, Peter M. (2012) Infrared and Raman spectroscopic studies of archaeological materials. In Yarwood, J., Douthwaite, R., & Duckett, S. (Eds.) Spectroscopic Properties of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds : Techniques, Materials and Applications. Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, pp. 129-156.
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The use of vibrational spectroscopic techniques to characterise historical artefacts and art works continues to grow and to provide the archaeologist and art historian with significant information with which to understand the nature and activities of previous peoples and civilizations. In addition, conservators can gain knowledge of the composition of artworks or historical objects and so are better equipped to ensure their preservation. Both infrared and Raman have been widely used. Microspectroscopy is the preferred sampling technique as it requires only a very small sample, which often can be recovered. The use of synchrotron radiation in conjunction with IR microspectroscopy is increasing because of the substantial benefits in terms of improved spatial resolution and signal-to-noise ratio. The key trend for the future is the growth in the use of portable instruments, both IR and Raman, which are becoming important because they allow non-destructive measurements to be made in situ, for example at an archaeological site or at a museum.
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