QUT ePrints

Verbal instruction abolishes fear conditioned to racial out-group faces

Mallan, Kimberley M., Sax, James, & Lipp, Ottmar V. (2009) Verbal instruction abolishes fear conditioned to racial out-group faces. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45(6), pp. 1303-1307.

[img] Accepted Version (PDF 100kB)
    [img] Figure 1 (PDF 7kB)
    Supplemental Material.
      [img] Figure 2 (PDF 9kB)
      Supplemental Material.

        View at publisher


        Previous research has shown resistance to extinction of fear conditioned to racial out-group faces, suggesting that these stimuli may be subject to prepared fear learning. The current study replicated and extended previous research by using a different racial out-group, and testing the prediction that prepared fear learning is unaffected by verbal instructions. Four groups of Caucasian participants were trained with male in-group (Caucasian) or out-group (Chinese) faces as conditional stimuli; one paired with an electro-tactile shock (CS+) and one presented alone (CS). Before extinction, half the participants were instructed that no more shocks would be presented. Fear conditioning, indexed by larger electrodermal responses to, and blink startle modulation during the CS+, occurred during acquisition in all groups. Resistance to extinction of fear learning was found only in the racial out-group, no instruction condition. Fear conditioned to a racial out-group face was reduced following verbal instructions, contrary to predictions for the nature of prepared fear learning.

        Impact and interest:

        7 citations in Scopus
        Search Google Scholar™
        7 citations in Web of Science®

        Citation countsare sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

        These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

        Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

        Full-text downloads:

        163 since deposited on 16 Feb 2012
        51 in the past twelve months

        Full-text downloadsdisplays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

        ID Code: 48670
        Item Type: Journal Article
        Keywords: race , fear learning, psychophysiology, skin conductance, eyeblink startle
        DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2009.08.001
        ISSN: 00221031
        Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology Psychopharmacology Physiological Psychology) (170101)
        Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)
        Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
        Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
        Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
        Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Elsevier.
        Deposited On: 16 Feb 2012 15:24
        Last Modified: 23 Nov 2014 23:14

        Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

        Repository Staff Only: item control page