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On the resistance to extinction of fear conditioned to angry faces

Rowles, Monique E., Lipp, Ottmar V., & Mallan, Kimberley M. (2012) On the resistance to extinction of fear conditioned to angry faces. Psychophysiology, 49(3), pp. 375-380.

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Abstract

The present study investigated whether, like fear conditioned to pictures of snakes and spiders, fear conditioned to angry faces resists extinction even after verbal instruction and removal of the shock electrode. Participants were trained in a differential Pavlovian fear conditioning procedure with angry face or happy face conditional stimuli (CSs). Prior to extinction, half the participants in each group were informed that no more unconditional stimuli would be presented and the shock electrode was removed. In the absence of this manipulation, participants showed resistance to extinction after training with angry face CSs, but not after training with happy face CSs. Instructed extinction and electrode removal abolished fear conditioning regardless of the emotion expressed by the CS faces. This finding suggests that fear conditioned to angry faces, like fear conditioned to racial out-group faces, is more malleable than fear conditioned to snakes and spiders.

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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 48682
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: angry faces, prepared learning, fear learning, fear relevant, skin conductance
DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01308.x
ISSN: 00485772
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology Psychopharmacology Physiological Psychology) (170101)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 John Wiley and Sons
Copyright Statement: The definitive version is available at www3.interscience.wiley.com
Deposited On: 16 Feb 2012 08:10
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2013 23:04

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