A prospective study investigating the impact of school belonging factors on negative affect in adolescents

Shochet, Ian M., Smith, Coral L., Furlong, Michael J., & Homel, Ross (2011) A prospective study investigating the impact of school belonging factors on negative affect in adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 40(4), pp. 586-595.

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School belonging, measured as a unidimensional construct, is an important predictor of negative affective problems in adolescents, including depression and anxiety symptoms. A recent study found that one such measure, the Psychological Sense of School Membership (PSSM) scale, actually comprises three factors: Caring Relations, Acceptance, and Rejection. We explored the relations of these factors with negative affect in a sample of 504 Australian grade 7 and 8 students who completed the PSSM and Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) at three time points. Each school belonging factor contributed to the prediction of negative affect in cross-sectional analyses. Scores on the Acceptance factor predicted subsequent negative affect for boys and girls, even controlling for prior negative affect. For girls, the Rejection factor was also significant in the prospective analysis. These findings have implications for the design of interventions and are further confirmation that school belonging should be considered a multidimensional construct.

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20 citations in Scopus
20 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 48840
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: school belonging, negative affect, adolescence, connectedness, depression, anxiety, affective disorders
DOI: 10.1080/15374416.2011.581616
ISSN: 1537-4424
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Copyright Statement: This is a preprint of an article submitted for consideration in the [Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology] © [2011] [copyright Taylor & Francis]; [Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology] is available online at: www.tandfonline.com
Deposited On: 26 Feb 2012 23:29
Last Modified: 26 Jun 2017 16:25

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