New design rules for the shear strength of LiteSteel Beams with web openings
Abstract: LiteSteel beam (LSB) is a new cold-formed steel hollow flange channel section produced using a patented manufacturing process involving simultaneous cold-forming and dual electric resistance welding. The LSBs are commonly used as floor joists and bearers with web openings in residential, industrial and commercial buildings. Their shear strengths are considerably reduced when web openings are included for the purpose of locating building services. However, no research has been undertaken on the shear behaviour and strength of LSBs with web openings. Therefore experimental and numerical studies were undertaken to investigate the shear behaviour and strength of LSBs with web openings. In this research, finite element models of LSBs with web openings in shear were developed to simulate the shear behaviour and strength of LSBs including their buckling characteristics. They were then validated by comparing their results with available experimental test results and used in a detailed parametric study. The results showed that the current design rules in cold-formed steel structures design codes are very conservative for the shear design of LSBs with web openings. Improved design equations have been proposed for the shear capacity of LSBs with web openings based on both experimental and parametric study results. An alternative shear design method based on an equivalent reduced web thickness was also proposed. It was found that the same shear strength design rules developed for LSBs without web openings can be used for LSBs with web openings provided the equivalent reduced web thickness equation developed in this paper is used. This is a significant advancement as it simplifies the shear design methods of LSBs with web openings considerably.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||LiteSteel beam, Shear strength, Web openings , Finite element Analyses, Cold-formed steel structures, Direct strength method, Slender web, Hollow flanges|
|ISSN:||1943-541X (online) 0733-9445 (print)|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Structural Engineering (090506)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers|
|Deposited On:||01 Mar 2012 09:48|
|Last Modified:||19 Jun 2013 08:19|
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