Developmental effects influencing observational modelling: A meta-analysis

Ashford, Derek, Davids, Keith W., & Bennett, Simon J. (2006) Developmental effects influencing observational modelling: A meta-analysis. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25(5), pp. 547-558.

This is the latest version of this eprint.

View at publisher


A meta-analysis was conducted on the observational modeling (OM) literature to quantify overall between-participant treatment effects obtained when acquiring movement behaviors. To evaluate predictions of the Visual Perception theoretical perspective on OM, effects were obtained and reported separately for movement dynamics (MD) and movement outcome (MO) measures. Overall mean OM treatment effect was = 0.77 for MD, and = 0.17 for MO measures. For both measures these effects reflected a significant advantage of OM over practice-only control conditions. Importantly, the magnitude of effects obtained was far stronger for MD compared to MO measures, confirming a distinctive response to OM during motor learning. The advantage for MD measures over OM measures was replicated for different types of task. OM was particularly beneficial for serial tasks ( = MD = 1.62 and MO = 0.61). There were slightly reduced effects for continuous tasks ( = MD = 1.01 and MO = 0.51), and smaller to medium sized effects for discrete tasks ( = MD = 0.56 and MO = 0.10). These findings are in line with tenets of the Visual Perception perspective for observational modeling, which suggests demonstrations primarily convey relative motions required to approximate modeled movement behaviors.

Impact and interest:

15 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
10 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

1,852 since deposited on 01 Sep 2006
109 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 4894
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Observational Modeling, Movement Dynamics, Movement Coordination, Movement Outcome, Task Constraints, Meta, analysis
DOI: 10.1080/02640410600947025
ISSN: 0264-0414
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: (C) 2006 Taylor & Francis
Copyright Statement: This is a preprint of an article whose final and definitive form has been published in the [Journal of Sports Sciences] (C) [2006] (copyright Taylor & Francis); [Journal of Sports Sciences] is available online at:
Deposited On: 01 Sep 2006 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:37

Available Versions of this Item

  • Developmental effects influencing observational modelling: A meta-analysis. (deposited 01 Sep 2006 00:00) [Currently Displayed]

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page