Measuring National Accessibility to Cardiac Services using Geographic Information Systems
Coffee, Neil, Turner, Dorothy, Clark, Robyn, Eckert, Kerena, Combe, David, Hugo, Graeme, van Gaans, Deborah, Wilkinson, David, Stewart, Simon, & Tonkin, Andrew (2012) Measuring National Accessibility to Cardiac Services using Geographic Information Systems. Applied Geography, 34, pp. 445-455.
The Cardiac Access-Remoteness Index of Australia (Cardiac ARIA) used geographic information systems (GIS) to model population level, road network accessibility to cardiac services before and after a cardiac event for all (20,387) population localities in Australia., The index ranged from 1A (access to all cardiac services within 1 h driving time) to 8E (limited or no access). The methodology derived an objective geographic measure of accessibility to required cardiac services across Australia. Approximately 71% of the 2006 Australian population had very good access to acute hospital services and services after hospital discharge. This GIS model could be applied to other regions or health conditions where spatially enabled data were available.
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