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Can partial coherence interferometry be used to determine retinal shape?

Atchison, David A. & Charman, W. Neil (2011) Can partial coherence interferometry be used to determine retinal shape? Optometry and Vision Science, 88(5), E601-E607.

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Abstract

Purpose: To determine likely errors in estimating retinal shape using partial coherence interferometric instruments when no allowance is made for optical distortion.

Method: Errors were estimated using Gullstrand’s No. 1 schematic eye and variants which included a 10 D axial myopic eye, an emmetropic eye with a gradient-index lens, and a 10.9 D accommodating eye with a gradient-index lens. Performance was simulated for two commercial instruments, the IOLMaster (Carl Zeiss Meditec) and the Lenstar LS 900 (Haag-Streit AG). The incident beam was directed towards either the centre of curvature of the anterior cornea (corneal-direction method) or the centre of the entrance pupil (pupil-direction method). Simple trigonometry was used with the corneal intercept and the incident beam angle to estimate retinal contour. Conics were fitted to the estimated contours.

Results: The pupil-direction method gave estimates of retinal contour that were much too flat. The cornea-direction method gave similar results for IOLMaster and Lenstar approaches. The steepness of the retinal contour was slightly overestimated, the exact effects varying with the refractive error, gradient index and accommodation.

Conclusion: These theoretical results suggest that, for field angles ≤30º, partial coherence interferometric instruments are of use in estimating retinal shape by the corneal-direction method with the assumptions of a regular retinal shape and no optical distortion. It may be possible to improve on these estimates out to larger field angles by using optical modeling to correct for distortion.

Impact and interest:

8 citations in Scopus
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0 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 49195
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: axial length , retinal contour, partial coherence reflectometry, Haig-Streit Lenstar, schematic eye, Zeiss IOLMaster, gradient index
DOI: 10.1097/OPX.0b013e318212ae56
ISSN: 1040-5488
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 American Academy of Optometry
Deposited On: 20 Mar 2012 10:04
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2012 04:48

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