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Knowledge of the ocular effects of diabetes among the general population of Australia and the members of Diabetes Australia

Schmid, Katrina L., Schmid, Leisa M., & Pedersen, Carol (2003) Knowledge of the ocular effects of diabetes among the general population of Australia and the members of Diabetes Australia. Clinical and Experimental Optometry, 86(2), pp. 91-103.

Abstract

Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes mellitus is important for limiting its adverse effects. We sought to determine the level of awareness of diabetes and its ocular complications within the community and among the members of Diabetes Australia. METHODS: Two groups were surveyed: 1. 1,000 people randomly selected from the Queensland electoral role (people without diabetes) and 2. A random sample of 500 members of Diabetes Australia (Queensland) (people with diabetes). The surveys consisted primarily of questions relating to the person's current knowledge of diabetes, including ocular and health complications, and their knowledge of available eye care services. RESULTS: The rate of return was greater for the members of Diabetes Australia (58.6 per cent) than for the public (33.5 per cent). The majority of respondents without diabetes tended to consult an optometrist for their eye care (76 per cent), while the group with diabetes consulted ophthalmologists more (63.6 per cent). People with diabetes tended to have more frequent eye examinations, 86.7 per cent had been for an eye examination within the preceding 18 months (compared with 36.6 per cent of the public). The level of awareness of the ocular effects of diabetes was high: 96 per cent of people with and 78.5 per cent of people without diabetes knew that diabetes could be sightthreatening. CONCLUSION: The membership of Diabetes Australia had a greater understanding of the possible ocular effects of diabetes and the need for regular eye examinations than the general community. Potential sample bias and the fact that respondents could infer a link between eye problems and diabetes from the survey questions should be taken into account in interpreting the data presented here.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 492
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: diabetes, eye problems, public awareness, occular complications
ISSN: 0816-4622
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2003 Optometrists Association Australia
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher: Issues published between 1998-2005 are available free online - use hypertext link above.
Deposited On: 28 Oct 2004
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:01

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