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Prevalence of malnutrition risk and its relationship with risk factors of hospital re-admission in older adults

Wu, Min-Lin (Winnie), Courtney, Mary D., Isenring, Elisabeth A., & Finlayson, Kathleen (2010) Prevalence of malnutrition risk and its relationship with risk factors of hospital re-admission in older adults. In Keane , Marianne (Ed.) British Society of Gerontology 39th Annual Conference : Identities, Care and Everyday Life, 6-8 July 2010, Brunel University, West London . (Unpublished)

Abstract

Background: Risk of malnutrition in older people continues to be a global problem. Malnutrition is often unrecognized and under-treated across health care settings and may result in undesirable health consequences, impaired recovery from illness and a poorer quality of life.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition risk in a sample of older people at high risk of hospital re-admission. The association between risk factors of hospital re-admission and risk of malnutrition were also explored.

Methods: One hundred and twenty five hospitalised patients aged 65 years and older at risk of hospital readmission (24% male, 76% female, mean age 77 ± 6 years) were recruited from a tertiary metropolitan hospital in Australia. The valid and reliable Malnutrition Screen Tool (MST) was employed to screen for malnutrition risk. It consists of two questions related to recent weight loss and appetite.

Results:
Prevalence of older adults at risk of malnutrition was 27.4%. Risk of malnutrition was not associated with age, gender and living arrangement. However, among risk factors of hospital readmission, lack of social support (χ2 = 4.18, N = 125, p = 0.028), and fair –poor self-rating of health (χ2 = 4.13, N = 125, p = 0.042) were statistically significant associated with risk of malnutrition.

Conclusion: Risk of malnutrition in older people continues to be a concern in health care, and increasing psycho social support may help shed light on reducing risk of malnutrition.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 49337
Item Type: Conference Item (Presentation)
Keywords: Hospital readmission, Malnutrition, Older adults, Social support
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000) > Aged Care Nursing (111001)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Deposited On: 26 Mar 2012 07:59
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2012 07:48

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