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Validity of the malnutrition screening tool for older adults at high risk of hospital readmission

Wu, Min-Lin (Winnie), Courtney, Mary D., Shortridge-Baggett, Lillie M. , Finlayson, Kathleen, & Isenring, Elisabeth A. (2012) Validity of the malnutrition screening tool for older adults at high risk of hospital readmission. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 38(6), pp. 38-45.

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Abstract

Malnutrition is a serious problem in older adults, particularly for those at risk of hospital readmission. The essential step in managing malnutrition is early identification using a valid nutrition screening tool. The purpose of this study was to validate the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) in older adults at high risk of hospital readmission. Two registered nurses administered the MST to identify malnutrition risk, and compared it to the comprehensive Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) to assess nutritional status for patients aged 65 years who had at least one risk factor for hospital readmission. The MST demonstrates substantial sensitivity, specificity and agreement with the SGA. These findings indicate that nursing staff can use the MST as a valid tool for routine screening and rescreening to identify patients at risk of malnutrition. Use of the MST may prevent hospital-acquired malnutrition for acute hospitalized older adults at high risk of readmission.

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
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2 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 49339
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Malnutrition, Nutrition screening, Older adult, Risk of hospital readmission, Validity
DOI: 10.3928/00989134-20120509-03
ISSN: 1938-243X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000) > Aged Care Nursing (111001)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 The Wyanoke Group
Deposited On: 26 Mar 2012 07:52
Last Modified: 06 May 2013 07:11

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