Can the Cardiac ARIA Index Improve Cardiac Care for Australia's Indigenous Population?

Clark, Robyn, Coffee, Neil, Turner, Dorothy, Eckert, Kerena, Smail, Tricia, Stewart, Simon, Wilkinson, David, & Tonkin, Andrew (2011) Can the Cardiac ARIA Index Improve Cardiac Care for Australia's Indigenous Population? In Second CSANZ Indigenous Cardiovascular Health Conference, 16-18 June, Alice Springs, Australia.

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Background: Timely access to appropriate cardiac care is critical for optimising outcomes. Our aim was to derive an objective, comparable, geographic measure reflecting access to cardiac services for Australia's 20,387 population locations.

Methods: An expert panel defined a single patient care pathway. Using geographic information systems (GIS) the numeric/alpha index was modelled in two phases. The acute phase index (numeric) ranged from 1 (access to tertiary centre with PCI ≤1 h) to 8 (no ambulance service, >3 h to medical facility, air transport required). The aftercare index was modelled into 5 alphabetic categories; A (Access to general practitioner, pharmacy, cardiac rehabilitation, pathology ≤1 h) to E (no services available within 1 h).

Results: Approximately 70% or 13.9 million people lived within a CardiacARIAindex category 1A location. Disparity continues in access to category 1A cardiac services for 5.8 million (30%) of all Australians, 60% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and 32% of people over 65 years of age. In a cardiac emergency only 40% of the Indigenous population reside within one hour of category 1 hospital. Approximately 30% (81,491 Indigenous persons) are more than one to three hours from basic cardiac services.

Conclusion: Geographically, the majority of Australian's have timely access for survival of a cardiac event. The CardiacARIAindex objectively demonstrates that the healthcare system may not be providing for the needs of 60% of Indigenous people residing outside the 1A geographic radius. Innovative clinical practice maybe required to address these disparities.

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ID Code: 49400
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
Refereed: No
Additional Information: On behalf of the Cardiac ARIA project.
DOI: 10.1016/j.hlc.2011.04.028
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 28 Mar 2012 04:55
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2012 11:03

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