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Where not to have a Heart Attack in Australia!: The Cardiac ARIA Index

Clark, R., Coffee, N. , Eckert, K. , Turner, D. , Coombe, D. , Lawrence, J. , Stewart, S. , van Gaans, D. , Wilkinson, D. , & Tonkin, A. (2010) Where not to have a Heart Attack in Australia!: The Cardiac ARIA Index. In Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand, Annual Scientific Meeting, Adelaide, SA.

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Abstract

Background/aims: Access to appropriate health care following an acute cardiac event is important for positive outcomes. The aim of the Cardiac ARIA index was to derive an objective, comparable, geographic measure reflecting access to cardiac services across Australia.

Methods: Geographic Information Systems (GIS) were used to model a numeric-alpha index based on acute management from onset of symptoms to return to the community. Acute time frames have been calculated to include time for ambulance to arrive, assess and load patient, and travel to facility by road 40–80 kph.

Results: The acute phase of the index was modelled into five categories: 1 [24/7 percutaneous cardiac intervention (PCI) ≤1 h]; 2 [24/7 PCI 1–3 h, and PCI less than an additional hour to nearest accident and emergency room (A&E)]: 3 [Nearest A&E ≤3 h (no 24/7 PCI within an extra hour)]: 4 [Nearest A&E 3–12 h (no 24/7 PCI within an extra hour)]: 5 [Nearest A&E 12–24 h (no 24/7 PCI within an extra hour)]. Discharge care was modelled into three categories based on time to a cardiac rehabilitation program, retail pharmacy, pathology services, hospital, GP or remote clinic: (A) all services ≤30 min; (B) >30 min and ≤60 min; (C) >60 min. Examples of the index indicate that the majority of population locations within capital cities were category 1A; Alice Springs and Byron Bay were 3A; and the Northern Territory town of Maningrida had minimal access to cardiac services with an index ranking of 5C.

Conclusion: The Cardiac ARIA index provides an invaluable tool to inform appropriate strategies for the use of scarce cardiac resources.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 49402
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
DOI: 10.1016/j.hlc.2010.06.1047
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 28 Mar 2012 15:09
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2012 15:09

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