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The use of virtual prototyping for hazard identification in the early design stage

Chun, Chan King, Li, Heng, & Skitmore, Ronald Martin (2012) The use of virtual prototyping for hazard identification in the early design stage. Construction Innovation : Information, Process, Management, 12(1), pp. 29-42.

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Abstract

Purpose: The construction industry is well known for its high accident rate and many practitioners consider a preventative approach to be the most important means of bringing about improvements. This paper addresses previous research and the weaknesses of existing preventative approaches and a new application is described and illustrated involving the use of a multi-dimensional simulation tool - Construction Virtual Prototyping (CVP).

Methodology: A literature review was conducted to investigate previous studies of hazard identification and safety management and to develop the new approach. Due to weaknesses in current practice, the research study explored the use of computer simulation techniques to create virtual environments where users can explore and identify construction hazards. Specifically, virtual prototyping technology was deployed to develop typical construction scenarios in which unsafe or hazardous incidents occur. In a case study, the users’ performance was evaluated their responses to incidents within the virtual environment and the effectiveness of the computer simulation system established though interviews with the safety project management team.

Findings: The opinions and suggestions provided by the interviewees led to the initial conclusion that the simulation tool was useful in assisting the safety management team’s hazard identification process during the early design stage.

Originality: The research introduces an innovative method to support the management teams’ reviews of construction site safety. The system utilises three-dimensional modelling and four-dimensional simulation of worker behaviour, a configuration that has previously not been employed in construction simulations. An illustration of the method’s use is also provided, together with a consideration of its strengths and weaknesses.

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 49692
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Safety management, virtual prototyping, simulation, hazard identification
DOI: 10.1108/14714171211197481
ISSN: 1471-4175
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > BUILDING (120200) > Building Construction Management and Project Planning (120201)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Deposited On: 16 Apr 2012 08:51
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2012 16:04

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