Incidence and geographic distribution of endemic Burkitt lymphoma in northern Uganda revisited

Ogwang, Martin D., Bhatia, Kishor, Biggar, Robert J., & Mbulaiteye, Sam M. (2008) Incidence and geographic distribution of endemic Burkitt lymphoma in northern Uganda revisited. International Journal of Cancer, 123(11), p. 2658.

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Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is etiologically associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and ecologically linked to Plasmodium falciparum malaria. However, these infections imperfectly correlate with BL epidemiology. To obtain recent epidemiological data, we studied district- and county-specific BL incidence and standardized incidence ratios using data collected from 1997 through 2006 at Lacor Hospital in northern Uganda, where studies were last done more than 30 years ago. Among 500 patients, median age was 6 years (inter-quartile range 5-8) and male-to-female ratio was 1.8:1. Among those known, most presented with abdominal (56%, M: F 1.4:1) vs. only facial tumors (35%, M: F 3.0:1). Abdominal tumors occurred in older (mean age: 7.0 vs. 6.0 years; p<0.001) and more frequently in female children (68% vs. 50%; OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.5-3.5). The age-standardized incidence was 2.4 per 100,000, being 0.6 in 1-4 year olds, 4.1 in 5-9 year olds and 2.8 in 10-14 year olds and varied 3-4-fold across districts. The incidence was lower in districts that were far from Lacor and higher in districts that were close to Lacor. While districts close to Lacor were also more urbanized, the incidence was higher in the nearby perirural areas. We highlight high BL incidence and geographic variation in neighboring districts in northern Uganda. While distance from Lacor clearly influenced the patterns, the incidence was lower in municipal than in surrounding rural areas. Jaw tumors were characterized by young age and male gender, but presentation has shifted away from facial to mostly abdominal. Keywords: Africa, cancer, malaria, Epstein-Barr virus, clustering, epidemiology

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ID Code: 49768
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1002/ijc.23800
ISSN: 00207136
Divisions: Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Wiley
Deposited On: 18 Apr 2012 04:49
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2012 04:49

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