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A new model to analyze metaphyseal bone healing in mice

Histing, T., Klein, M., Stieger, A., Stenger, D., Steck, R., Matthys, R., Holstein, J.H., Garcia, P., Pohlemann, T., & Menger, M.D. (2012) A new model to analyze metaphyseal bone healing in mice. Journal of Surgical Research, 178(2), pp. 715-721.

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Abstract

Background: Despite the increasing clinical problems with metaphyseal fractures, most experimental studies investigate the healing of diaphyseal fractures. Although the mouse would be the preferable species to study the molecular and genetic aspects of metaphyseal fracture healing, a murine model does not exist yet. Using a special locking plate system, we herein introduce a new model, which allows the analysis of metaphyseal bone healing in mice. Methods: In 24 CD-1 mice the distal metaphysis of the femur was osteotomized. After stabilization with the locking plate, bone repair was analyzed radiologically, biomechanically, and histologically after 2 (n = 12) and 5 wk (n = 12). Additionally, the stiffness of the bone-implant construct was tested biomechanically ex vivo. Results: The torsional stiffness of the bone-implant construct was low compared with nonfractured control femora (0.23 ± 0.1 Nmm/°versus 1.78 ± 0.15 Nmm/°, P < 0.05). The cause of failure was a pullout of the distal screw. At 2 wk after stabilization, radiological analysis showed that most bones were partly bridged. At 5 wk, all bones showed radiological union. Accordingly, biomechanical analyses revealed a significantly higher torsional stiffness after 5 wk compared with that after 2 wk. Successful healing was indicated by a torsional stiffness of 90% of the contralateral control femora. Histological analyses showed new woven bone bridging the osteotomy without external callus formation and in absence of any cartilaginous tissue, indicating intramembranous healing. Conclusion: With the model introduced herein we report, for the first time, successful metaphyseal bone repair in mice. The model may be used to obtain deeper insights into the molecular mechanisms of metaphyseal fracture healing. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Impact and interest:

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2 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 50405
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Animal model, Bone healing, Bone repair, Locking plate, Metaphyseal osteotomy, Mice
DOI: 10.1016/j.jss.2012.04.007
ISSN: 0022-4804
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Elsevier
Deposited On: 17 May 2012 11:38
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2013 11:53

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