Syntaxin 6 and Vti1b form a novel SNARE complex, which is upregulated in activated macrophages to facilitate exocytosis of TNF.
Murray, Rachael, Wylie, Fiona, Khromykh, Tatiana, Hume, David, & Stowe, Jennifer (2005) Syntaxin 6 and Vti1b form a novel SNARE complex, which is upregulated in activated macrophages to facilitate exocytosis of TNF. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280(11), pp. 10478-10483.
A key function of activated macrophages is to secrete proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF; however, the intracellular pathway and machinery responsible for cytokine trafficking and secretion is largely undefined. Here we show that individual SNARE proteins involved in vesicle docking and fusion are regulated at both gene and protein expression upon stimulation with the bacterial cell wall component lipopolysaccharide. Focusing on two intracellular SNARE proteins, Vti1b and syntaxin 6 (Stx6), we show that they are up-regulated in conjunction with increasing cytokine secretion in activated macrophages and that their levels are selectively titrated to accommodate the volume and timing of post-Golgi cytokine trafficking. In macrophages, Vti1b and syntaxin 6 are localized on intracellular membranes and are present on isolated Golgi membranes and on Golgi-derived TNF� vesicles budded in vitro. By immunoprecipitation, we find that Vti1b and syntaxin 6 interact to form a novel intracellular Q-SNARE complex. Functional studies using overexpression of full-length and truncated proteins show that both Vti1b and syntaxin 6 function and have rate-limiting roles in TNF� trafficking and secretion. This study shows how macrophages have uniquely adapted a novel Golgi-associated SNARE complex to accommodate their requirement for increased cytokine secretion.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||membrane transport, structure, function, biogenesis|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY (060100) > Enzymes (060107)|
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > IMMUNOLOGY (110700) > Immunology not elsewhere classified (110799)
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences|
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2005 American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Deposited On:||21 May 2012 09:58|
|Last Modified:||21 May 2012 09:58|
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