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Dating of divergences within the Rattus genus phylogeny using whole mitochondrial genomes

Robins, Judith H., McLenachan, Patricia A., Phillips, Matthew J., Craig, Lauren, Ross, Howard A., & Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth (2008) Dating of divergences within the Rattus genus phylogeny using whole mitochondrial genomes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 49(2), pp. 460-466.

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Abstract

The timing and order of divergences within the genus Rattus have, to date, been quite speculative. In order to address these important issues we sequenced six new whole mitochondrial genomes from wild-caught specimens from four species, Rattus exulans, Rattus praetor, Rattus rattus and Rattus tanezumi. The only rat whole mitochondrial genomes available previously were all from Rattus norvegicus specimens. Our phylogenetic and dating analyses place the deepest divergence within Rattus at ∼3.5 million years ago (Mya). This divergence separates the New Guinean endemic R. praetor lineage from the Asian lineages. Within the Asian/Island Southeast Asian clade R. norvegicus diverged earliest at ∼2.9 Mya. R. exulans and the ancestor of the sister species R. rattus and R. tanezumi subsequently diverged at ∼2.2 Mya, with R. rattus and R. tanezumi separating as recently as ∼0.4 Mya. Our results give both a better resolved species divergence order and diversification dates within Rattus than previous studies.

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28 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 50533
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Mitochondrial genomes, Genus Rattus, Divergence dates, RY-coding
DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2008.08.001
ISSN: 1055-7903
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > GENETICS (060400)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 Elsevier
Deposited On: 24 May 2012 14:24
Last Modified: 24 May 2012 14:24

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