QUT ePrints

Moisture uptake and tensile properties of starch-sugar cane fibre films

Gilfillan, William N., Sopade, Peter A. , & Doherty, William O.S. (2012) Moisture uptake and tensile properties of starch-sugar cane fibre films. In Bruce, Robin C. (Ed.) Procedings of the 34th Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT), Cairnes, QLD, Australia.

View at publisher

Abstract

THERE is an increasing need for biodegradable plastics because they are environmentally friendly and can replace petroleum-based non-degradable plastics which pollute the environment. Starch-derived films reinforced with sugar cane bagasse fibre, which are biodegradable, have been prepared and characterised by gravimetric analysis for moisture uptake, X-ray powder diffraction for crystallinity, and tensile testing for mechanical properties.
Results have shown that the addition of bagasse fibre (5 wt%, 10 wt% or 20 wt%) to either (modified) potato starch (Soluble starch) or hydroxypropylated maize starch reduced moisture uptake by up to 30% at 58% relative humidity (RH). Also, the tensile strength and the Young’s Modulus increased up to 63% and 80% respectively, with the maximum value obtained with 5 wt% fibre at 58% RH. However, the tensile strain of the films significantly decreased by up to 84%. The results have been explained based on the crystallinity of the films and the intrinsic properties of starch and bagasse fibres.

Impact and interest:

Citation countsare sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

161 since deposited on 06 Jun 2012
86 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloadsdisplays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 50778
Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: bagasse, biodegradable polymer, fibre, film, starch
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MATERIALS ENGINEERING (091200) > Polymers and Plastics (091209)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists (ASSCT)
Copyright Statement: The definitive published version is available from the publisher: http://www.assct.com.au/
Deposited On: 07 Jun 2012 08:18
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2013 02:50

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page