Reduced electron recombination of dye-sensitized solar cells based on TiO 2 spheres consisting of ultrathin nanosheets with  facet exposed
Wang, Hongxia, Liu, Meinan, Yan, Cheng, & Bell, John (2012) Reduced electron recombination of dye-sensitized solar cells based on TiO 2 spheres consisting of ultrathin nanosheets with  facet exposed. Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology, 3, pp. 378-387.
An anatase TiO 2 material with hierarchically structured spheres consisting of ultrathin nanosheets with 100% of the  facet exposed was employed to fabricate dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC s). Investigation of the electron transport and back reaction of the DSCs by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy showed that the spheres had a threefold lower electron recombination rate compared to the conventional TiO 2 nanoparticles. In contrast, the effective electron diffusion coefficient, D n, was not sensitive to the variation of the TiO 2 morphology. The TiO 2 spheres showed the same Dn as that of the nanoparticles. The influence of TiCl 4 post-treatment on the conduction band of the TiO 2 spheres and on the kinetics of electron transport and back reactions was also investigated. It was found that the TiCl 4 post-treatment caused a downward shift of the TiO 2 conduction band edge by 30 meV. Meanwhile, a fourfold increase of the effective electron lifetime of the DSC was also observed after TiCl4 treatment. The synergistic effect of the variation of the TiO 2 conduction band and the electron recombination determined the open-circuit voltage of the DSC. © 2012 Wang et al.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Dye-sensitized solar cells, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, Electron recombination, Tio, 2  facet, Ultrathin nanosheets|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000)|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2012 The Author(s).|
|Deposited On:||07 Jun 2012 22:48|
|Last Modified:||13 Jun 2012 07:46|
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