The lived experience of post-traumatic stress disorder as described by motor vehicle accident victims in Jordan

Al-Kofahy, Lilibeth (2011) The lived experience of post-traumatic stress disorder as described by motor vehicle accident victims in Jordan. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.


Aim: To explore the lived experience of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as described by individuals who have been involved in a motor vehicle accident (MVA) in Jordan.

Background: Motor vehicle accident (MVA) survivors who develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have become an important health issue. The World Health Organisation (WHO) states that trauma resulting from MVAs is a phenomenon of increasing concern, with death from injuries projected to rise from 5.1 million in 1990 to 8.4 million in 2020 particularly in developing countries such as Jordan (WHO, 2002). The impact of trauma from MVAs inevitably compromises the victim’s quality of life (WHO, 2002; Blanchard & Hickling, 2007) resulting in psychological and emotional distress, occupational disability, family disintegration, and socio-economic difficulty (Jordan Ministry of Health, 2005). The development of PTSD as a result of an MVA is not limited to the individual, but also extends to the family, friends, and the health care team involved in the person's care and rehabilitation.

Design: A descriptive phenomenological approach was used for this study.

Method: This study was conducted in an orthopaedic unit in Amera Basma Hospital in Irbid Jordan. Fifteen (15) participants were voluntary recruited through the process of purposeful sampling. Data was collected by face-to-face in depth-interviews. Interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. The process of analysis was undertaken using Colaizzi’s (1978) eight step approach with the addition of two extra steps.

Findings: The process of analysis identified seven themes explicated from the participants’ transcripts of interview. The seven themes were:

  1. Feeling frustrated at a diminishing health status
  2. Struggling to maintain a sense of independence
  3. Harbouring feelings of not being able to recover
  4. Feeling discriminated against and marginalised by society
  5. Feeling ignored and neglected by health care professionals
  6. Feeling abandoned by family, and
  7. Moving toward acceptance through having faith in Allah.

Conclusion: The findings of this study have the potential to make a significant contribution to extant knowledge on the topic which can inform future nursing practice, education, policy development, and research initiatives in Jordan and internationally.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 50827
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Supervisor: Welch, Anthony
Keywords: post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mental disorders, motor vehicle accident, helplessness, trauma
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Deposited On: 08 Jun 2012 01:01
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2012 01:02

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