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Sensitivity of off-axis performance of aspheric spectacle lenses to tilt and decentration

Atchison, David A. & Tame, Simon A. (1993) Sensitivity of off-axis performance of aspheric spectacle lenses to tilt and decentration. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 13(4), pp. 415-421.

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Abstract

Apparatus was modified to measure, and theoretical raytracing was used to predict, off-axis powers of spectacle lenses in the presence of tilt or decentration. In response to poor fitting in the form of tilt or decentration, lenses with aspheric front surfaces were found to have greater off-axis power errors than best-form lenses with spherical surfaces. This is attributable to the aspheric lenses having flatter surfaces than the spherical lenses. The errors are up to twice those occurring for the spherical lenses, and can be quite high, e.g. 0.9 D astigmatism for +6 D power with 10 degrees tilt in 20 degrees upgaze. Negative lenses are more sensitive to poor fitting than are positive lenses of the same power. The errors for straight ahead vision associated with tilt are approximately proportional to the square of the angle of tilt, and the errors for straight ahead vision associated with decentration are approximately proportional to the square of decentration. It is most important that aspheric lenses be correctly fitted, which means that each 2 degrees of pantascopic tilt should be accompanied by approximately 1 mm decentration.

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ID Code: 5098
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal's website (see link) or contact the author. Author contact details: d.atchison@qut.edu.au
Keywords: aspheric spectacle lenses, tilt, decentration, off, axis power, fit
DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.1993.tb00502.x
ISSN: 0275-5408
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1993 Blackwell Publishing
Deposited On: 28 Sep 2006
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2009 17:12

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