Subject Instructions and Methods of Target Presentation in Accommodation Research
Purpose. The authors investigated the potential of subject instructions to alter the static accommodative stimulus-response function. They also investigated whether the reduced cue environment of the Badal optical system leads to accommodative responses different from those that occur for targets presented in real space.
Methods. Static accommodative responses with three focusing instructions were compared to baselines obtained with minimal instruction to stabilize gaze. Static accommodative responses were recorded for targets presented in real space and in a Badal optical system.
Results. Individuals differ widely in their responses to Instruction 1 (". . .make no special effort. . ."), although some adopt a relatively fixed position of focus. Responses with Instruction 2 (". . .look at the words naturally. . .") and Instruction 3 (". . .carefully focus. . .") baseline instruction ("pick a word in the middle of the block of text and look at it"). In a sample including most subjects, mean responses for Badal and real space targets are identical. However, it appears that some subjects have difficulty accommodating for Badal targets.
Conclusions. The authors recommend the use of Instructions 2 and 3 for investigation of the static accommodative response, with a number of provisos. Accommodative responses to Badal and real space targets are generally equivalent, but researchers should take care to identify those persons who have difficulties accommodating for Badal target.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Additional Information:||For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see link) or contact the author. Author contact details: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Keywords:||accommodation research, subject instructions, target presentation|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health|
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 1994 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology|
|Deposited On:||28 Sep 2006|
|Last Modified:||15 Jan 2009 17:12|
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