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Monocular Diplopia Caused by Ocular Aberrations and Hyperopic Defocus

Woods, Russell L. , Bradley, Arthur, & Atchison, David A. (1996) Monocular Diplopia Caused by Ocular Aberrations and Hyperopic Defocus. Vision Research, 36(22), pp. 3597-3606.

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Abstract

As a single aperture, approximately monofocal optical system, the human eye generally creates a single image on the retina. However, the literature contains many reports of perceptual monocular diplopia. While it is easy to understand how distortion may produce monocular diplopia, its reported high incidence in normal eyes is less easily understood. We examine a model which ascribes monocular diplopia to an interaction between defocus and ocular spherical aberration. Using a psychophysical hyperacuity-based alignment procedure we measured the transverse aberration function in 0.5 mm steps horizontally across the pupil in the eyes of three cyclopleged subjects. Ocular transverse aberration functions were derived with best refraction and with simulated myopia and hyperopia. Monocular diplopia was also measured under the same conditions. All three subjects showed significant, but different, degrees of positive spherical aberration. The measured ocular transverse aberration functions were predictably modified by the hyperopic and myopic defocus. Hyperopic defocus combined with positive (myopic) spherical aberration changes a monotonic transverse aberration function with a single inflection point into a biphasic function with two inflection point into a biphasic function with two inflection points. The locations of the inflections predict the presence and magnitude of the perceived diplopia. These experimental results confirm Verhoeff’s (1900) hypothesis for the ocular cause of monocular diplopia.

Impact and interest:

30 citations in Scopus
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29 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 5116
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see link) or contact the author. Author contact details: d.atchison@qut.edu.au
Keywords: monocular diplopia, monochromatic aberrations, spherical defocus, ocular line spread function
DOI: 10.1016/0042-6989(96)00092-2
ISSN: 0042-6989
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1996 Elsevier
Deposited On: 28 Sep 2006
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2011 04:25

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