Submarine pyroclastic deposits formed during the 20th May 2006 dome collapse of the Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat
Trofimovs, J., Foster, C., Sparks, R.S.J., Loughlin, S., Friant, A., Deplus, C., Porritt, L., Christopher, T., Luckett, R., Talling, P.J., Palmer, M.R., & Bas, T. (2012) Submarine pyroclastic deposits formed during the 20th May 2006 dome collapse of the Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat. Bulletin of Volcanology, 74(2), pp. 391-405.
The 20th May 2006 lava dome collapse of the Soufrière Hills Volcano, Montserrat, had a total non-dense rock equivalent (non-DRE) collapse volume of approximately 115 × 10 6 m 3. The majority of this volume was deposited into the ocean. The collapse was rapid, 85% of the mobilized volume being removed in just 35 min, giving peak pyroclastic flow flux of 66 × 10 3 m 3 s -1. Channel and levee facies on the submarine flanks of the volcano and formation of a thick, steep-sided ridge, suggest that the largest and most dense blocks were transported proximally as a high concentration granular flow. Of the submerged volume, 30% was deposited from the base of this granular flow, forming a linear, high-relief ridge that extends 7 km from shore. The remaining 70% of the submerged volume comprises the finer grain sizes, which were transported at least 40 km by turbidity currents on gradients of <2°. At several localities, the May 2006 distal turbidity currents ran up 200 m of topography and eroded up to 20 cm of underlying substrate. Multiple turbidites are preserved, representing current reflection from the graben margins and deflection around topography. The high energy of the May 2006 collapse resulted in longer submarine run out than the larger (210 × 10 6 m 3) Soufrière Hills dome collapse in July 2003.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Bathymetry, Dome Collapse, Montserrat, Pyroclastic Flow, Submarine|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000)|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences|
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2011 Springer-Verlag|
|Copyright Statement:||The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com|
|Deposited On:||05 Jul 2012 08:38|
|Last Modified:||11 Oct 2012 16:31|
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