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A new implicit numerical method for the space and time fractional Bloch-Torrey equation

Song, J. , Yu, Q., Liu, F., & Turner, I. (2012) A new implicit numerical method for the space and time fractional Bloch-Torrey equation. In Cheng, Wen, Sun, HongGuang, & Baleanu, Dumitru (Eds.) Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Fractional Differentiation and Its Applications, Hohai University, Hohai University, Nanjing, pp. 1-9.

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Abstract

In recent years, it has been found that many phenomena in engineering, physics, chemistry and other sciences can be described very successfully by models using mathematical tools from fractional calculus. Recently, noted a new space and time fractional Bloch-Torrey equation (ST-FBTE) has been proposed (see Magin et al. (2008)), and successfully applied to analyse diffusion images of human brain tissues to provide new insights for further investigations of tissue structures. In this paper, we consider the ST-FBTE on a finite domain. The time and space derivatives in the ST-FBTE are replaced by the Caputo and the sequential Riesz fractional derivatives, respectively. Firstly, we propose a new effective implicit numerical method (INM) for the STFBTE whereby we discretize the Riesz fractional derivative using a fractional centered difference. Secondly, we prove that the implicit numerical method for the ST-FBTE is unconditionally stable and convergent, and the order of convergence of the implicit numerical method is ( T2 - α + h2 x + h2 y + h2 z ). Finally, some numerical results are presented to support our theoretical analysis.

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ID Code: 51444
Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: Fractional Bloch-Torrey Equation, fractional calculus, implicit numerical method, fractional centered difference, stability, convergence
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES (010000)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Mathematical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 [please consult the author]
Deposited On: 06 Jul 2012 08:08
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2013 00:54

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