Cellular settings mediating Src Substrate switching between Focal Adhesion Kinase Tyrosine 861 and CUB-domain-containing protein 1 (CDCP1) Tyrosine 734

Wortmann, Andreas, He, Yaowu, Christensen, Melinda E., Linn, MayLa, Lumley, John W., Pollock, Pamela M., Waterhouse, Nigel J., & Hooper, John D. (2011) Cellular settings mediating Src Substrate switching between Focal Adhesion Kinase Tyrosine 861 and CUB-domain-containing protein 1 (CDCP1) Tyrosine 734. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(49), pp. 42303-42315.

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Reciprocal interactions between Src family kinases (SFKs) and focal adhesion kinase (FAK) are critical during changes in cell attachment. Recently it has been recognized that another SFK substrate, CUB-domain-containing protein 1 (CDCP1), is differentially phosphorylated during these events. However, the molecular processes underlying SFK-mediated phosphorylation of CDCP1 are poorly understood. Here we identify a novel mechanism in which FAK tyrosine 861 and CDCP1-Tyr-734 compete as SFK substrates and demonstrate cellular settings in which SFKs switch between these sites. Our results show that stable CDCP1 expression induces robust SFK-mediated phosphorylation of CDCP1-Tyr-734 with concomitant loss of p-FAK-Tyr-861 in adherent HeLa cells. SFK substrate switching in these cells is dependent on the level of expression of CDCP1 and is also dependent on CDCP1-Tyr-734 but is independent of CDCP1-Tyr-743 and -Tyr-762. In HeLa CDCP1 cells, engagement of SFKs with CDCP1 is accompanied by an increase in phosphorylation of Src-Tyr-416 and a change in cell morphology to a fibroblastic appearance dependent on CDCP1-Tyr-734. SFK switching between FAK-Tyr-861 and CDCP1-Tyr-734 also occurs during changes in adhesion of colorectal cancer cell lines endogenously expressing these two proteins. Consistently, increased p-FAK-Tyr-861 levels and a more epithelial morphology are seen in colon cancer SW480 cells silenced for CDCP1. Unlike protein kinase Cδ, FAK does not appear to form a trimeric complex with Src and CDCP1. These data demonstrate novel aspects of the dynamics of SFK-mediated cell signaling that may be relevant during cancer progression.

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ID Code: 51586
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: CDCP1, FAK, adhesion, colon cancer, phosphorylation
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.227462
ISSN: 1083-351X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > BIOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY (060100) > Signal Transduction (060111)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > ONCOLOGY AND CARCINOGENESIS (111200) > Cancer Cell Biology (111201)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Deposited On: 12 Jul 2012 22:36
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2012 04:38

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