Effect of an intervening screen on accommodation to a distant object
Background: An intervening screen has been suggested to induce an inward shift of accommodation when viewing a distant object. This is an example of the Mandelbaum effect. However, there have been no objective measures of the magnitude of this effect in this particular situation.
Methods: Accommodation was recorded with an infra-red optometer, while subjects (n = 16) viewed a distant letter target with or without an intervening screen. Screens were placed near the individual dark focus distance or at 50 cm. In a second experiment the contrast of the distant target was varied and subjects (n = 5) viewed the target directly or through a screen placed near the individual dark focus distance.
Results: In the main experiment, the Mandelbaum effect was not significantly different from zero and was less than 0.5 D in every subject. In addition, accommodation was not more variable when viewing through the screen. However, it may be that some subjects do demonstrate a Mandelbaum effect while others do not. The individual dark focus level did not predict a susceptibility to the Mandelbaum effect for a screen at the dark focus. Subjects reported their perceptions of the tasks and some noted changes in the perceived distances of objects when viewing through a screen. In the second experiment, the Mandelbaum effect (< 0.6 D) did not vary with distant target contrast.
Conclusions: When viewing a distant object through a screen there is a small (< 0.6 D) or negligible inward shift of accommodation.
Citation countsare sourced monthly fromand citation databases.
These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science generally from 1980 onwards.
Citations counts from theindexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.
Full-text downloadsdisplays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||accommodation, conflicting stimuli, contrast, Mandelbaum effect, motor vehicles, perceived distance|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health|
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 1998 Optometrists Association Australia|
|Copyright Statement:||The contents of this journal from 1998 to 2005 can be freely accessed online via the journal’s web page (see link).|
|Deposited On:||15 Nov 2006|
|Last Modified:||09 Jun 2010 22:34|
Repository Staff Only: item control page