Modelling and analysis of the crush zone of a typical Australian passenger train

Sun, Y.Q., Cole, C., Dhanasekar, M., & Thambiratnam, D.P. (2012) Modelling and analysis of the crush zone of a typical Australian passenger train. Vehicle System Dynamics, 50(7), pp. 1137-1155.

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In this paper, a three-dimensional nonlinear rigid body model has been developed for the investigation of the crashworthiness of a passenger train using the multibody dynamics approach. This model refers to a typical design of passenger cars and train constructs commonly used in Australia. The high-energy and low-energy crush zones of the cars and the train constructs are assumed and the data are explicitly provided in the paper. The crash scenario is limited to the train colliding on to a fixed barrier symmetrically. The simulations of a single car show that this initial design is only applicable for the crash speed of 35 km/h or lower. For higher speeds (e.g. 140 km/h), the crush lengths or crush forces or both the crush zone elements will have to be enlarged. It is generally better to increase the crush length than the crush force in order to retain the low levels of the longitudinal deceleration of the passenger cars.

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14 citations in Scopus
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10 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 52047
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Multibody Modelling, Passenger Trains, Train Crashworthiness, Crush Length, crush force
DOI: 10.1080/00423114.2012.656658
ISSN: 1744-5159
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Taylor & Francis Group
Copyright Statement: This is a preprint of an article submitted for consideration in the Vehicle System Dynamics © 2012 [copyright Taylor & Francis]; Vehicle System Dynamics is available online at:
Deposited On: 19 Jul 2012 22:58
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2012 13:23

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