Gender gap in household investment : a study on Bhutan

Choden, Phuntsho (2012) Gender gap in household investment : a study on Bhutan. Masters by Research thesis, Queensland University of Technology.


Differing parental considerations for girls and boys in households are perceived as one of the primary causes of the gender gap in school enrolment and educational attainment in developing countries, particularly in the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. While there are a number of studies on the gender gap focusing on education and health provision in the countries in South Asia, little is known about Bhutan. This thesis aims to explore the gender gap in the intra-household allocation of resources on schooling and health provision for children in Bhutan. This thesis investigates whether boys are shown preference by their parents in terms of educational opportunities, including enrolment and spending on schooling as well as health. To conduct examination, this study makes use of household data from the Bhutan Living Standard Survey of 2007. Using cross-sectional as well as household fixed and random effect approaches, this study attempts to analyse the gender gap in allocation of resources across households as well as within households. The analysis includes characteristics of children and households such as gender and age of children, family wealth, education and gender of household head, number of dependents and the area of residence. The findings reveal a significant gender gap in schooling of children aged six to sixteen in Bhutan. However, no robust evidence of a gender gap has been found in the allocation of health expenditure on children aged less than sixteen. Policy recommendations to alleviate the gender bias in educational opportunities of females are proposed.

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ID Code: 52725
Item Type: QUT Thesis (Masters by Research)
Supervisor: Sarkar, Dipanwita & Torgler, Benno
Keywords: education, gender gap, grade attainment, health expenditure, household investment on human capital, intra-household allocation of resources, school enrolment, school expenditure, years of schooling
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Deposited On: 24 Jul 2012 06:56
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2017 14:44

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