Child characteristics associated with delay of gratification in children with Down syndrome

Gilmore, Linda, Cuskelly, Monica, Martin, Vicki, Glenn, Sheila, Glenn, Sheila, & Jobling, Anne (2008) Child characteristics associated with delay of gratification in children with Down syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 52(8-9), p. 674.

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Aim: Children with Down syndrome have been identified as having difficulty delaying gratification when compared to mental age matched children who are developing typically. This study investigated the association between individual characteristics hypopthesized to be associated with ability to delay as well as the strategies children used in a waiting task.

Method: Thirty-two children with Down syndrome and 50 typically developing children matched for mental age completed the tasks. Observations of their behaviour while waiting were video-recorded for later analysis. In addition, parents completed questionnaires with respect to their child’s personality and behaviour.

Results: Children with Down syndrome were significantly less able to delay gratification than the comparison group. Different patterns of association were found for the two groups between the observational and questionnaire measures and delay time.

Conclusions: Children with Down syndrome have greater difficulty delaying gratification than would be predicted on the basis of their mental age. The contributions to delay appear to differ from those for typically developing children and these differences need to be considered when planning interventions for developing this skill

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ID Code: 52758
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Abstracts of the IASSID World Congress. IASSID 13th World Congress, Cape Town, South Africa
Keywords: delay of gratification, Down syndrome, intellectual disability, child
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2008.01086
ISSN: 0964-2633
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > SPECIALIST STUDIES IN EDUCATION (130300) > Special Education and Disability (130312)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Developmental Psychology and Ageing (170102)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Cultural & Professional Learning
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Education
Deposited On: 26 Jul 2012 01:56
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2013 08:24

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