An authorization framework using building information models

Skandhakumar, Nimalaprakasan, Reid, Jason F., Dawson, Ed, Drogemuller, Robin, & Salim, Farzad (2012) An authorization framework using building information models. The Computer Journal, 55(10), 1244 -1264.

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A building information model (BIM) is an electronic repository of structured, three-dimensional data that captures both the physical and dynamic functional characteristics of a facility. In addition to its more traditional function as a tool to aid design and construction, a BIM can be used throughout the life cycle of a facility, functioning as a living database that places resources contained within the building in their spatial and temporal context. Through its comprehension of spatial relationships, a BIM can meaningfully represent and integrate previously isolated control and management systems and processes, and thereby provide a more intuitive interface to users. By placing processes in a spatial context, decision-making can be improved, with positive flow-on effects for security and efficiency. In this article, we systematically analyse the authorization requirements involved in the use of BIMs. We introduce the concept of using a BIM as a graphical tool to support spatial access control configuration and management (including physical access control). We also consider authorization requirements for regulating access to the structured data that exists within a BIM as well as to external systems and data repositories that can be accessed via the BIM interface. With a view to addressing these requirements we present a survey of relevant spatiotemporal access control models, focusing on features applicable to BIMs and highlighting capability gaps. Finally, we present a conceptual authorization framework that utilizes BIMs.

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
1 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 53107
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: access control, authorization models, building information model
DOI: 10.1093/comjnl/bxs098
ISSN: 1460-2067
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > COMPUTER SOFTWARE (080300) > Computer System Security (080303)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Design
Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 The Authors
Copyright Statement: Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The British Computer Society. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email:
Deposited On: 13 Aug 2012 22:12
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2015 14:17

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