Implantation of osteogenic differentiated donor mesenchymal stem cells causes recruitment of host cells

Zhou, Yinghong, Fan, Wei, Prasadam, Indira, Crawford, Ross, & Xiao, Yin (2015) Implantation of osteogenic differentiated donor mesenchymal stem cells causes recruitment of host cells. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, 9(2), pp. 118-126.

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The interaction between host and donor cells is believed to play an important role in osteogenesis. However, it is still unclear how donor osteogenic cells behave and interact with host cells in vivo. The purpose of this study was to track the interactions between transplanted osteogenic cells and host cells during osteogenesis. In vitro migration assay was carried out to investigate the ability of osteogenic differentiated humanmesenchymal stemcells (O-hMSCs) to recruit MSCs. At the in vivo level, O-hMSCs were implanted subcutaneously or into skull defects in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice. New bone formation was observed bymicro-CT and histological procedures. In situ hybridization (ISH) against human Alu sequences was performed to distinguish donor osteogenic cells from host cells. In vitro migration assay revealed an increased migration potential of MSCs by co-culturing with O-hMSCs. In agreement with the results of in vitro studies, ISH against human Alu sequences showed that host mouse MSCs migrated in large numbers into the transplantation site in response to O-hMSCs. Interestingly, host cells recruited by O-hMSCs were the major cell populations in newly formed bone tissues, indicating that O-hMSCs can trigger and initiate osteogenesis when transplanted in orthotopic sites. The observations fromthis study demonstrated that in vitro induced O-hMSCs were able to attract hostMSCs in vivo andwere involved inosteogenesis togetherwith host cells,whichmay be of importance for bone tissue-engineering applications.

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2 citations in Scopus
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3 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 53499
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: osteogenic, osteogenesis, bone marrow, bone tissue engineering, cell interaction, cell implantation
DOI: 10.1002/term.1619
ISSN: 1932-7005
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 19 Jan 2015 23:33
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2015 23:24

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