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Context-aware multicast protocol for emergency message dissemination in vehicular networks

Sebastian, Alvin, Tang, Maolin, Feng, Yanming, & Looi, Mark (2012) Context-aware multicast protocol for emergency message dissemination in vehicular networks. International Journal of Vehicular Technology, 2012.

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Abstract

Road traffic accidents can be reduced by providing early warning to drivers through wireless ad hoc networks. When a vehicle detects an event that may lead to an imminent accident, the vehicle disseminates emergency messages to alert other vehicles that may be endangered by the accident. In many existing broadcast-based dissemination schemes, emergency messages may be sent to a large number of vehicles in the area and can be propagated to only one direction. This paper presents a more efficient context aware multicast protocol that disseminates messages only to endangered vehicles that may be affected by the emergency event. The endangered vehicles can be identified by calculating the interaction among vehicles based on their motion properties. To ensure fast delivery, the dissemination follows a routing path obtained by computing a minimum delay tree. The multicast protocol uses a generalized approach that can support any arbitrary road topology. The performance of the multicast protocol is compared with existing broadcast protocols by simulating chain collision accidents on a typical highway. Simulation results show that the multicast protocol outperforms the other protocols in terms of reliability, efficiency, and latency.

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ID Code: 53606
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: VANET, Context-aware Multicast, Emergency Message Dissemination
DOI: 10.1155/2012/905396
ISSN: 1687-5702
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING (080500) > Networking and Communications (080503)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > OTHER INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (089900) > Information and Computing Sciences not elsewhere classified (089999)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright © 2012 Alvin Sebastian et al.
Copyright Statement: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Deposited On: 20 Sep 2012 08:27
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2012 13:25

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