Wind-energy based path planning for electric unmanned aerial vehicles using Markov decision processes
Al-Sabban, Wesam H., Gonzalez, Luis F., & Smith, Ryan N. (2013) Wind-energy based path planning for electric unmanned aerial vehicles using Markov decision processes. In IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2013), 6 - 10 May 2013, Kongresszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, Germany.
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Exploiting wind-energy is one possible way to extend flight duration for Unmanned Arial Vehicles. Wind-energy can also be used to minimise energy consumption for a planned path. In this paper, we consider uncertain time-varying wind fields and plan a path through them. A Gaussian distribution is used to determine uncertainty in the Time-varying wind fields. We use Markov Decision Process to plan a path based upon the uncertainty of Gaussian distribution. Simulation results that compare the direct line of flight between start and target point and our planned path for energy consumption and time of travel are presented. The result is a robust path using the most visited cell while sampling the Gaussian distribution of the wind field in each cell.
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