Langevin dynamics modeling of the water diffusion tensor in partially aligned collagen networks
Powell, Sean K. & Momot, Konstantin I. (2012) Langevin dynamics modeling of the water diffusion tensor in partially aligned collagen networks. Physical Review E, 86(3), 0319171.

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Abstract
In this work, a Langevin dynamics model of the diffusion of water in articular cartilage was developed. Numerical simulations of the translational dynamics of water molecules and their interaction with collagen fibers were used to study the quantitative relationship between the organization of the collagen fiber network and the diffusion tensor of water in model cartilage. Langevin dynamics was used to simulate water diffusion in both ordered and partially disordered cartilage models. In addition, an analytical approach was developed to estimate the diffusion tensor for a network comprising a given distribution of fiber orientations. The key findings are that
(1) an approximately linear relationship was observed between collagen volume fraction and the fractional anisotropy of the diffusion tensor in fiber networks of a given degree of alignment,
(2) for any given fiber volume fraction, fractional anisotropy follows a fiber alignment dependency similar to the square of the second Legendre polynomial of cos(θ), with the minimum anisotropy occurring at approximately the magic angle (θMA), and
(3) a decrease in the principal eigenvalue and an increase in the transverse eigenvalues is observed as the fiber orientation angle θ progresses from 0◦ to 90◦. The corresponding diffusion ellipsoids are prolate for θ < θMA, spherical for θ ≈ θMA, and oblate for θ > θMA. Expansion of the model to include discrimination between the combined effects of alignment disorder and collagen fiber volume fraction on the diffusion tensor is discussed.
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ID Code:  53811 

Item Type:  Journal Article 
Refereed:  Yes 
Keywords:  diffusion tensor imaging, MRI, articular cartilage, collagen networks, Langevin dynamics, Monte Carlo simulations of restricted diffusion 
DOI:  10.1103/PhysRevE.86.031917 
ISSN:  15502376 
Subjects:  Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PHYSICAL SCIENCES (020000) > OTHER PHYSICAL SCIENCES (029900) > Biological Physics (029901) Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PHYSICAL SCIENCES (020000) > OTHER PHYSICAL SCIENCES (029900) > Medical Physics (029903) 
Divisions:  Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty 
Copyright Owner:  Copyright 2012 American Physical Society 
Deposited On:  24 Sep 2012 23:05 
Last Modified:  26 Sep 2012 04:51 
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